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Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 112

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Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/link-template.php on line 138

Spektivblick
Dominik Eulberg, mit allem was dazugehört.


Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 35

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 43

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Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 35

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 107

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 109

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 111

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /kunden/136280_56457/webseiten/old/spektivblick/wp-includes/functions.php on line 112

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Bedienungsanleitung für ein menschliches Gehirn
 
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Buchtipp des Monats Juli: Mehr Matsch!

Die Zecke

Die Zecke | © T. Hoffmann  / pixelio.de

Die Zecke | Bild: T. Hoffmann, pixelio.de

Gleich 2 Zecken brachte ich gestern als „Souvenir“ von meinem Streifzug durch hohes Gras mit. Denn im Gegensatz zu dem Volksglauben sie würden sich von Bäumen auf ihre Opfer fallen lassen, halten sich die Blutsauger vornehmlich im Gestrüpp, in hohen Gräsern oder im Unterholz bis einer Höhe von 1,5 Meter auf. Dort werden sie abgestreift, wenn sich der potentielle Wirt durch das Gras bewegt.

Hat die zu den Milben zählende Zecke dann eine geeignete, dünne und gut durchblutete Hautstelle gefunden ritzt sie mit ihren Mundwerkzeugen die Haut ein und schiebt ihren Stechapparat in die Wunde. Dieser ist symmetrisch mit Widerhaken besetzt. Damit bohren sie sich jedoch nur oberflächlich in die Haut ein und „lecken“ dann das austretende Blut. Neben Blutgerinnungsmittel und Klebstoff der die Mundwerkzeug fest verankert, injizieren sie in die Wunde auch ein Betäubungsmittel, damit das Opfer den Einstich nicht bemerkt. Mehrere Tage bis zu zwei Wochen saugen sie dann Blut, bis sie sich abfallen lassen. Dank ihrer lederartigen, dehnbaren Haut können sie dabei ihre Größe von 3-4 Millimeter auf 3 Zentimeter vervielfachen.

Zecken übertragen aufgrund ihrer Lebensweise häufig Krankheitserreger zwischen den Wirten, ohne jedoch selbst erkrankt zu sein. Es handelt sich dabei um mehr Arten von Krankheitserregern als bei jeder anderen parasitischen Tiergruppe. Da regelmäßig Menschen durch Erkrankungen wie der Infektionskrankheit Borreliose, einer hartnäckigen Entzündung der Nerven und Gelenke, oder der Hirnhautentzündung Frühsommer-Meningoenzephalitis (FSME) betroffen sind, ist ein Zeckenstich eine Verletzung, mit der keineswegs leichtfertig umgegangen werden sollte.

Das Risiko sich mit Borrelien-Bakterien zu infizieren, die dann die tückische Krankheit auslösen können, hängt aber sehr von der Gegend ab in der man unterwegs ist. In manchen Gebieten ist jede zweite Zecke mit Borrelien infiziert, in anderen nur jede hundertste. Risikogebiete sind vor allem Baden-Württemberg und Bayern.

Auch die Häufigkeit der Blutsauger weist lokale Schwankungen auf, da der Mensch mit seiner Umwelt auch das Vorkommen der Zecken beeinflusst. Auf einer Weide hat man etwa ein 50-fach niedrigeres Risiko sich mit Borrelien zu infizieren, als einige Meter weiter auf einer brachliegenden Wiese. Grund dafür ist zum einen, dass beweidete Wiesen trockener sind. Zecken überleben jedoch nur bei hoher Feuchtigkeit. Zum anderen fangen Greifvögel im kurzen Gras mehr Tiere. Mäuse und andere Kleinsäuger sind jedoch wichtige Zwischenwirte für Borrelien. Frisch geschlüpfte

Zeckenlarven beherbergen noch keine Borrelien. Diese nehmen sie erst auf, wenn sie etwa an einer infizierten Maus Blut saugen. Ist der nächste Wirt dann ein Mensch, kann die Zecke ihn infizieren. Zudem sind Wiederkäuer keine Wirte für Borrelien. Zecken, die an ihnen saugen, werden sogar von den Bakterien gereinigt. Weidetiere wirken also als Desinfektionsmittel. Beweidete und bewirtete Gebiete stellen somit eine enorme Reduktion der Zeckengefahr dar.

Am Besten entfernt man übrigens Zecken mit einer in der Apotheke erhältlichen Zeckenzange. Je früher sie entfernt wird, desto geringer ist das Infektionsrisiko. Bildet sich eine großflächige, kreisförmige Rötung um den Einstich, sollte schleunigst ein Arzt aufgesucht werden.

Eine Antwort zu “Die Zecke” (Klicken, um zu verstecken)»

  1. Mimi sagte:

    Nachdem ich alle Foren durchforstet habe bin ich nun hier gelandet.
    Ich stehe vor folgendem Problem: Ich habe eben einen Falter gerettet, ihm fehlen auf der einen Seite komplett die Füßchen, aber nachdem das Regenwasser auf den Flügeln getrocknet ist zeigt er nun wieder Lebensgeist. Hat er denn noch eine Überlenenschance? Braucht er die Beinchen zum lostarten für den Abflug? Der kann sich doch gar nimmer festhalten. Leidet er gerade? (er scheint eine kleine Verletzung am Kopf zu haben). Ich bin ratlos. Muss ich ihn jetzt töten? Ich trag ihn jetzt schon seit zwei Stunden in meiner linken Hand, natürlich ohne die Flügel zu berühren, hat meinen Aldieinkauf nicht gerade vereinfacht und jetzt sitz ich hier, tippe mit einer Hand und frage mich wieso ständig mir die verendenden Tiere begegnen, wie die Taube vor zwei Tagen – und soll ich sie von ihrem Leid befreien, oder ihnen nur beistehen – was wollen sie von mir.
    Und der Falter…. ich glaub das wird nix mehr, volle Schlagseite links….so ein Mist.
    Und jetzt hat er sich auch noch Sterbeposition begeben, sieht jedenfalls so aus – Beinchen und Fühler ganz dicht am Körper.

    Ja, das wars. Finito. Hat sich verabschiedet. Na gut, dann eben so.

    Danke dennoch.
    Mimi

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